Staple foods such as maize, wheat, rice, beans, millet, potatoes, and cassava are the fastest growing set of commodities in agricultural trade in eastern and southern Africa, with an estimated annual value of $50 billion, and represent 75 percent of total agricultural products traded. The integration of regional markets in East Africa opens opportunities to balance regional supply and demand, opening up opportunities and incentives to increase productivity.
Output in any given country fluctuates widely due to factors such as weather; infrastructure; policies; and local, short-term changes in supply and demand. Some countries face food crises when there is more than enough food
The goal of the East Africa regional strategy is increased access, availability and utilization of African-grown staple foods in regionally integrated markets. The objective is increased trade flows of staple foods in the region, linked to the northern and central transport corridors. To achieve this, as well as contributing to the objectives of the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme (CAADP), Feed the Future East Africa is making core investments in the following areas: